Para que es azithromycin

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Azithromycin is a potent antibiotic that can help you fight infections and regain your well-being. Whether you need it for respiratory infections, skin conditions, or sexually transmitted diseases, Azithromycin is the trusted choice of doctors worldwide.

With its convenient dosing and high efficacy, Azithromycin is the go-to solution for a wide range of bacterial infections. Say goodbye to illness and hello to a healthier you with Azithromycin!

Uses of azithromycin

Azithromycin is an antibiotic medication that is used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections, including respiratory infections, skin infections, ear infections, and sexually transmitted infections. It is commonly prescribed to treat conditions such as:

1. Respiratory Infections:

Azithromycin is often used to treat respiratory infections such as bronchitis, pneumonia, and sinusitis. It can help to reduce inflammation in the lungs and airways, making it easier for patients to breathe and clearing up the infection.

2. Skin Infections:

Azithromycin can also be used to treat skin infections such as cellulitis and impetigo. It works by targeting the bacteria causing the infection and stopping their growth, leading to the resolution of the skin condition.

In addition to these common uses, azithromycin may also be prescribed for other bacterial infections, as determined by a healthcare provider. It is important to follow the prescribed dosage and treatment duration to ensure the best results and minimize the risk of antibiotic resistance.

How does azithromycin work?

How does azithromycin work?

Azithromycin is an antibiotic that works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria. It does this by interfering with the protein synthesis in bacterial cells, preventing them from multiplying and causing infection. Azithromycin specifically targets certain types of bacteria, including those responsible for respiratory tract infections, skin infections, and sexually transmitted diseases.

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Unlike some other antibiotics, azithromycin stays in the body for a longer period of time, allowing for less frequent dosing schedules. This extended half-life makes azithromycin an effective treatment option for a wide range of bacterial infections.

Targeted bacteria: Azithromycin targets a variety of bacteria, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Mechanism of action: Azithromycin interferes with bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit. This prevents the formation of new proteins, ultimately leading to bacterial death.

How does azithromycin work?

Azithromycin works by inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis through binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit of susceptible bacteria. This binding prevents the formation of new proteins, leading to the inhibition of bacterial growth and replication. Additionally, azithromycin has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help in the treatment of certain respiratory conditions.

Dosage and Administration

Azithromycin is typically prescribed as a tablet or liquid form to be taken by mouth. The dosage will depend on the condition being treated, the severity of the infection, and the patient’s age and weight. It is important to follow the dosage instructions provided by your healthcare provider.

For most infections, azithromycin is usually taken once daily. However, the specific dosage and duration of treatment may vary. It is important to complete the full course of treatment, even if you start to feel better.

It is recommended to take azithromycin at the same time each day to maintain a consistent level of the drug in your body. You can take azithromycin with or without food, but it is generally well tolerated with or without food.

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If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double up on doses to make up for a missed one.

If you have any questions or concerns about the dosage or administration of azithromycin, consult your healthcare provider for guidance.

Side effects of azithromycin

Azithromycin, like any medication, can cause side effects. It is important to be aware of these potential side effects before starting treatment. Some common side effects of azithromycin include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dizziness

In rare cases, azithromycin can cause more serious side effects such as severe allergic reactions, liver problems, and abnormal heart rhythm. If you experience any of these symptoms while taking azithromycin, seek medical attention immediately.


It is important to inform your healthcare provider of any medications you are currently taking, as some drugs may interact with azithromycin and cause adverse effects. Additionally, if you have a history of liver or kidney disease, or if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, talk to your doctor before using azithromycin.

Drug interactions

When taking azithromycin, it is important to be aware of potential drug interactions to avoid any negative effects on your health. Some medications may interact with azithromycin and alter its effectiveness or increase the risk of side effects.

It is crucial to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are currently taking, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Your healthcare provider can help you determine if there are any potential interactions and adjust your treatment plan accordingly.

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Possible drug interactions with azithromycin:

  • Antacids: Antacids containing aluminum or magnesium may reduce the absorption of azithromycin. It is recommended to take these medications at least 2 hours apart.
  • Warfarin: Azithromycin may enhance the effects of warfarin, increasing the risk of bleeding. Close monitoring of your clotting levels is advised.
  • Antibiotics: Combining azithromycin with other antibiotics may increase the risk of side effects and decrease the effectiveness of both medications. Consult your healthcare provider before taking multiple antibiotics.

Remember that this list is not exhaustive, and there may be other medications that can interact with azithromycin. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medications while taking azithromycin to ensure your safety and well-being.

Precautions when using azithromycin

Before taking azithromycin, inform your healthcare provider about any allergies you have, especially to antibiotics. It is also important to disclose any medical conditions, such as liver or kidney disease, heart rhythm disorders, or myasthenia gravis, as these conditions may affect the use of azithromycin.


  • Azithromycin may cause diarrhea, which could be a sign of a new infection. If you experience severe diarrhea, contact your healthcare provider immediately.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

Azithromycin should only be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding if absolutely necessary and prescribed by a healthcare provider. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor before taking this medication.

Storage and handling

Storage and handling

Proper storage and handling of azithromycin are essential to ensure its effectiveness and safety.


Azithromycin should be stored at room temperature away from moisture and heat.


Handle azithromycin tablets with dry hands to prevent contamination. Always follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider or pharmacist for administering the medication.

Important note: Do not share azithromycin with others, even if they have the same symptoms as you. Keep it out of reach of children and pets.